5G Technology and Its Upcoming Effects
Did you remember the time when it almost used to take an hour for us to download a 5 MB song? I remember those days when we used to wait for the E symbol to appear at the top of our phones display while we were using the internet over the 2G network. The network standards have raised a lot since then as a result there has been a great increase in networking jobs in the market currently.
For downloading a movie of 200 MB those days means waiting for an entire day. Those days were awesome when we got 50 MB data for 5 rupees and even we were not able to consume those 50 MB data completely at the end of the day, but right now even 2 GB data seems like nothing for a day.
We have come a long way since then, from the era of the 2G network, we gradually shifted to 3G network, and then came the 4G network which is being used in the present time. There was also a time between 3G and 4G when in some Nokia phones we used to get a 3.5G network, especially in the Nokia N series and E series phones. And now the world is moving towards the 5G network technology which will help in the rapid growth of the IT industry with the promises to accelerate cellular data transfer speeds from 100 Mbps to 10 Gbps and beyond.
Changes From 4G to 5G
There is a saying that “change is the law of nature” and it suits best in the field of technology as it changes every day. There are new and improved versions of previous technology introduced to the word for faster and better performance. Likewise, operating standards and hardware for networks have also been improved a lot. Right now we are moving from the 4th generation of networking stands to the 5th generation of it. This change from 4G to 5G can be understood as moving from typewriter to computer. These are the changes that are seen with this technological improvement.
- 5G added lower and higher frequencies to the spectrum compared to 4G networks.
- 5G networks can handle 1 million devices, while 4G could handle 100,000 that per square kilometer.
- 5G cellular data transfer speeds from 100 Mbps to 10 Gbps and beyond.
- 5G supports billions of devices, with almost no latency speed.
- 5G tech is twenty times faster than 4G.
Also Read: How Does a VPN Work?
Effect of 5G Technology Will be Seen in the Following Areas
IoT – Internet of Things
The IoT is the interconnected devices being used presently in the industries and manufacturing sectors for tracking, smart home devices to connect together to work efficiently and can be controlled from any device as they are interconnected. But the current wifi technology or 4G technology struggles when multiple devices are connected to them. 5G would be a great evolution for IoT as it is much faster.
5G will be a step ahead to achieve the dream of smart cities with the help of high-speed internet and the ability to handle data from millions of IoT devices. Smart cities can use it to smartly manage all the devices which are interconnected and much more. For example, smart lights energy consumption can be reduced by dimming the lights accordingly when not in use. An Accenture Strategy report of 2017 predicts that 5G networks being used to manage traffic and power consumption could save cities the amount of $160 billion. This technology will also provide networking job opportunities.
Self Driving Cars
According to a report of the National Highway Traffic Administration, nearly 95% of the traffic accidents are caused due to human errors and if the cars could be made self-driven then it will save 1.25 million lives every year. Some automobile industries like Tesla, Mercedes, etc are working on self-driving cars that use Al and ML, which also creates biotechnology job opportunities, and for them to be fully automated low-latency 5G network is very useful.
Virtual Reality or Augmented Reality can make watching live cricket matches, football finals, Super Bowl, and other content so easy without even going outside our home. All these can be possible with 5G and faster data transfers, high-bandwidth, and low latency users, who can experience content in their homes and feel like they are there in real life.
5G Technology will be a great help in the healthcare sector too. With 5G, you can schedule a video meeting with your doctor without even going to hospitals. With HD calls, your doctors will be able to check your most health issues and recommend them accordingly from home. Not only this, but doctors will also be able to perform surgeries from the types of equipment that can be controlled remotely. This is all possible due to low latency high-speed 5G internet.
5G is a revolution in the network technology, although these changes won’t happen overnight, it will take time as 5G is being installed in some limited cities around the world, and devices which are capable of 5G networks are also limited into the market and are very costly. It took almost a decade for 4G to establish into the market completely, and 5G might take even longer to become the dominant cellular technology, but once it is fully established internet users’ experience is completely going to change.